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The Geography of Texas

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 93° 31' W to 106° 38' W
Latitude: 25° 50' N to 36° 30' N
Texas map
Texas base and elevation maps
Length x Width Texas is 790 miles long and 660 miles wide at its most distant points.  
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of Texas is located in McCulloch County, 15 miles NE of Brady.
Longitude: 99° 27.5'W
Latitude: 31° 14.6'N
 
Borders Texas is bordered by New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Arkansas to the north. On the west Texas is bordered by New Mexico and shares an international border with Mexico. To the south, Texas borders Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico. The irregular shape of Texas means that it shares its eastern borders with Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana.
Total Area Texas covers 268,601 square miles, making it the 2nd largest of the 50 states, right behind Alaska.
Land Area 261,914 square miles of Texas are land areas.
Water Area 6,687 square miles of Texas are covered by water making Texas the 9th wettest state.
Highest Point The highest point in Texas is Guadalupe Peak at 8,749 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point The lowest point in Texas is sea level where Texas meets the Gulf of Mexico.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of Texas is only 1,700 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers The Rio Grande, which marks the border between Texas and Mexico, The Red River, The Brazos River

The Land

In the south, the Gulf Coast Plain meets the Gulf of Mexico. The North Central Plains slope upward creating some hills. The Great Plains extend to the Panhandle where they are broken by low mountains, a southern extension of the Rocky Mountains called Trans-Pecos.

( Texas Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in Texas is 120°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on August 12, 1936 at Seymour.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature measured in Texas was -23 degrees, recorded on February 8, 1933 at Seminole.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 98.5 degrees to a low of 21.7 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for Texas, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
Clifford L. Egan and William E. Doolittle, "Texas," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/552660, August 15, 2001.
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To Tennessee geography. To Utah geography.

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