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Pennsylvania State Flag Pennsylvania
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The Geography of Pennsylvania

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 74° 43' W to 80° 31' W
Latitude: 39° 43' N to 42° N
Pennsylvania map
Pennsylvania base and elevation maps
Length x Width Pennsylvania is 283 miles long, from east to west, and 160 miles wide at its most distant points.  
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of Pennsylvania is located in Centre County, 2.5 miles southwest of Bellefonte.
Longitude: 77° 44.8'W
Latitude: 40° 53.8'N
 
Borders Pennsylvania is bordered by New York and Lake Erie to the north. In the south, Pennsylvania shares borders with West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey. To the east, New York and New Jersey line up on the Pennsylvania border. Pennsylvania meets Ohio and an arm of West Virginia on the West.
Total Area Pennsylvania covers 46,058 square miles, making it the 33rd largest of the 50 states.
Land Area 44,820 square miles of Pennsylvania are land areas.
Water Area 1,239 square miles of Pennsylvania are covered by water.
Highest Point The highest point in Pennsylvania is Mt. Davis at 3,213 feet.
Lowest Point The lowest point in Pennsylvania is in The Delaware River at sea level.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of Pennsylvania is 1,100 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Allegheny River, Susquehanna River, Delaware River, Ohio River
Major Lakes Lake Erie

The Land

The Allegheny Mountains run diagonally from the southwest to the northeast with piedmont and coastal plains in the southeast triangle. The Allegheny Front, as it's called, cuts a diagonal line across the state. In the northwest, the plateau falls to the Lake Erie lowlands and, finally, Lake Erie.

( Pennsylvania Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in Pennsylvania is 111°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on July 10, 1936 at Phoenixville.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature recorded in Pennsylvania was 42° below zero. This temperature was hit on Jan 5, 1904 at Smethport.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 86.2 degrees to a low of 18.0 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for Pennsylvania, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
Edward K. Muller and William C. Rense, "Pennsylvania," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/421420, August 15, 2001.
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To Oregon geography. To Rhode Island geography.

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