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Rhode Island State Flag Rhode Island

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The Geography of Rhode Island

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 71° 8'W to 71° 53'W
Latitude: 41° 18'N to 42° 1'N
Rhode Island map
Rhode Island base and elevation maps
Length x Width The smallest state in the union, Rhode Island is about 40 miles long and 30 miles wide.  
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of Rhode Island is located in Kent County, 1 mile SSW of Crompton.
Longitude: 71° 34.6'W
Latidude: 41° 40.3'N
 
Borders Rhode Island is bordered by Massachusetts on the north and on the east. On the south, Rhode Island is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. On the west, Rhode Island is bordered by Connecticut.
Total Area Rhode Island covers 1,545 square miles, making it the smallest of the 50 states.
Land Area 1,045 square miles of Rhode Island are land areas.
Water Area 500 square miles of Rhode Island are covered by water.
Highest Point The highest point in Rhode Island is Jerimoth Hill, in Foster, at a mere 812 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point The lowest point in Rhode Island is sea level where Rhode Island meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of Rhode Island is 200 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Sakonnet River
Major Lakes Scituate Reservoir

The Land

Much of Rhode Island is woodland; lowlands in the south and rolling hills in the north and the west. The state can be divided into two geographic regions; the Coastal Lowland in the south and east, and the Eastern New England Upland in the northwest.

The Coastal Lowland of Rhode Island is part of the larger Coastal Lowland Region that covers the entire New England coast. These lowlands cover more than half of the mainland and the islands of Narragansett Bay. West of Point Judith are sandy beaches, lagoons, and salt ponds. To the east of Narragansett Bay, the landscape is characterized by low, rounded slopes with few trees. To the west of Narragansett Bay, the Rhode Island slopes are more rugged and support more forested woodlands.

The Eastern New England Upland covers the northwestern corner of Rhode Island; about 1/3 of the state. Sometimes called the Western Rocky Upland, this region of Rhode Island is marked by rolling hills and higher elevations. The land rises from about 200 feet above sea level in the east to over 800 feet above sea level in the northwest. The highest point in Rhode Island, Jerimoth Hill, lies in the northwest corner of Rhode Island. Many small lakes and ponds nestle among the hills of the Eastern New England Upland.

( Rhode Island Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in Rhode Island is 104°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on August 2, 1975 at Providence.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature in Rhode Island, -25°, was recorded on February 6, 1996 at Greene.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 81.7 degrees to a low of 20.0 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for Rhode Island, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
Michael R. H. Swanson and Stanford E. Demars, "Rhode Island," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/467440, August 15, 2001.
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To Pennsylvania geography. To South Carolina geography.

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