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Connecticut State Flag Connecticut

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The Geography of Connecticut

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 71° 47' W to 73° 44' W
Latitude: 40° 58' N to 42° 3' N
Connecticut map
Connecticut base and elevation maps
Length x Width Connecticut is 110 miles long and 70 miles wide.
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of Connecticut is located in Hartford County, in East Berlin.
Longitude: 72° 42.4'W
Latitude: 41° 35.7'N
Borders Connecticut is bordered on the north by Massachusetts and on the south by Long Island Sound. On the east Connecticut is bordered by Massachusetts and Rhode Island. On the west, Connecticut borders New York.
Total Area Connecticut is one of the smallest states of the 50 states, covering only 5,544 square miles.
Land Area 4,845 square miles of Connecticut are land areas.
Water Area 698 square miles of Connecticut are covered by water.
Highest Point The south slope of Mount Frissell is the highest point in Connecticut at 2,380 feet above sea level. Located in the extreme northwestern corner of the Connecticut, Mount Frissell peaks at 2,453 feet in Massachusetts.
Lowest Point The lowest point in Connecticut is where the state borders Long Island Sound; sea level.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of Connecticut is 500 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Connecticut River, Housatonic River, Thames River

For more information about New England's greatest river, click here.

Major Lakes Lake Candlewood

The Land

The highest areas of Connecticut are in the northwest upland; the Berkshires. Connecticut gradually loses elevation to the south where it finally meets Long Island Sound. The east is a hilly upland drained by rivers including the Connecticut and Thames Rivers. The small state of Connecticut can be divided into five distinct land regions; the Taconic Section, the Western New England Upland, the Connecticut Valley Lowland, the Eastern New England Upland and the Coastal Lowlands.

Taconic Section: The Taconic Section of Connecticut is found in the northwestern corner of the state. This section between the Housatonic River and the New York border extends north into Massachusetts. Mt. Frissell, the highest point in Connecticut is found in the Taconic Section.

Western New England Upland: Most of western Connecticut is Western New England Upland. Characterized by steep hills, ridges and rivers, this area also runs into parts of Massachusetts and Vermont. The Western New England Upland in Connecticut slopes gradually downward from northwest to southeast. Its elevation above sea level falls from about 1,400 to 1,000 feet.

Connecticut Valley Lowland: Running through the center of Connecticut and north into Massachusetts, the Connecticut Valley Lowland averages about 30 miles wide. Small rivers with basalt ridges characterize this area.

Eastern New England Upland: Most of western Connecticut is characterized by the narrow river valleys and the low hills of the Eastern New England Upland. The land slopes downward from northwest to northeast. The Connecticut section of the Eastern New England Upland, that stretches from Connecticut to Maine, is heavily forested.

Coastal Lowlands: Part of the Coastal Lowlands that cover the entire New England Coast, the Connecticut Coastal Lowlands form a narrow strip of land, 6 to 16 miles wide, that runs along the southern shore of the state at Long Island Sound. Lower than most of Connecticut, the Coastal Lowlands are characterized by lower ridges and beaches and harbors along the coast.

( Connecticut Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in Connecticut is 106°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on July 15, 1995 at Danbury.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature in Connecticut, -32°, was recorded on January 22, 1961 at Coventry.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 84.8 degrees to a low of 16.7 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for Connecticut, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To Colorado geography. To Delaware geography.

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