|A New England state famous for its Green Mountains, Vermont can be divided into six geographical land
regions; the Northeast Highlands, the Western New England Upland, the Green Mountains, the Vermont Valley,
the Taconic Mountains, and the Champlain Valley.
Northeast Highlands: The Northeast Highlands are found in the northeast corner of Vermont. This
geographic land area also covers parts of New Hampshire and Maine and is characterized by granite mountains
that reach heights of 2,700 to 3,330 feet above sea level in Vermont. The highest of these mountains in
Vermont are Gore Mountain (3,330 feet), Burke Mountain (3,267 feet), and Mt. Monadnock (3,140). The granite
mountains of the Northeast Highlands are divided by swift flowing streams.
Western New England Upland: Most of eastern Vermont is covered by the Western New England Upland,
a geographic land area that stretches south to Massachusetts and Connecticut. Sometimes called the Vermont
Piedmont, this area is covered by the fertile lowlands of the Connecticut River Valley. Populated with
many lakes in the north, the land rises gradually from east to west to the granite hills near Barre.
Green Mountains: The famouns Green Mountains cover most of the Green Mountain region in central
Vermont. The Green Mountains give way to the Northfield, Worcestor, and other lower mountain ranges in the
north. The Green Mountains support the tallest mountains in Vermont. The highest peak in Vermont,
Mount Mansfield, at 4,393 feet above sea level, is found in this region along
with Camel's Hump (4,083 feet) seen on the Vermont
state commemorative quarter released in 2001. The Green Mountains are an important source of minerals such
as granite, marble, slate and talc, as well as the center of the Vermont tourism industry.
Vermont Valley: The Vermont Valley is a small strip of land in western Vermont. This area consists
of small rivers and river valleys and stretches from the border of Massachusetts in the south into central
Vermont. The Baton Kill and Waloomsac rivers are found in the Vermont Valley.
Taconic Mountains: The Taconic Mountains, extending from Massachusetts, cover a a narrow strip in
southwestern Vermont. This area is characterized by mountains, swift streams, and beautiful lakes. Equinox
Mountain (3,816 feet), Dorset Peak (3,770 feet), Little Equinox Mountain (3,320 feet), Mother Myrick Mountain (3,290 feet), and Bear
Mountain (3,260 feet) are found in the Taconic Mountains of Vermont.
Champlain Valley: The Champlain Valley borders Lake Champlain. The Vermont Lowland, as this area
is sometimes called, is fertile farmland. Dairy farms, apple orchards, and fields of corn, hay, oats, wheat,
are found in the Champlain Valley along with Vermont's largest city, Burlington.
( Vermont Close-up )