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The Geography of New Jersey

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 73° 53' 39"W to 75° 35'W
Latitude: 38° 55'N to 41° 21' 23"N
New Jersey map
New Jersey base and elevation maps
Length x Width New Jersey is about 150 miles long and 70 miles wide.  
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of New Jersey is located in Mercer County, 5 miles SE of Trenton.
Longitude: 74° 33.5'W
Latitude: 40° 4.2'N
 
Borders New Jersey is bordered by New York on the north and by the Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean on the south. On the east, New Jersey is again bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. On the west, New Jersey is bordered by Delaware Bay and Pennsylvania.
Total Area New Jersey covers 8,722 square miles, making it the 47th largest of the 50 states.
Land Area 7,419 square miles of New Jersey are land areas.
Water Area 1,303 square miles of New Jersey are covered by water.
Highest Point The highest point in New Jersey is aptly named High Point at 1,803 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point The lowest point in New Jersey is at the Atlantic Ocean; sea level.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of New Jersey is 250 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Delaware River, Hudson River
Major Lakes Lake Hopatcong

The Land

New Jersey is either the 4th smallest state or the 47th largest state depending on your perspective. Regardless, New Jersey is occupied by 4 main land regions; the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the New England Upland, and the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region.

The largest land area, the Atlantic Coastal Plain, covers the southern 3/5 of New Jersey. More than half of this area, characterized by gently rolling hills, is less than 100 feet above sea level. In the east the landscape consists of pine forests and salt marshes. Closer to the Atlantic coast, the salt marshes are more plentiful and shallow lagoons and meadows characterize the area. Along the coast lie New Jersey's resort areas; including Atlantic City, Ocean City, and Cape May. In the west and southwest, along the Delaware River, the fertile soil supports farming.

The Piedmont lies northeast of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. About 20 miles wide, this area covers only about 1/5 of the state. The Piedmont includes the industrial cities of Elizabeth, Patterson, Jersey City, and Newark. New Jersey's major rivers (Hudson River, Passaic River, Remapo River, Raritan River) are found in this area supporting the industrial development.

West of the Peidmont is the New England Upland. This area, sometimes called The Highlands, includes flat-topped ridges of rock and extends into Pennsylvania and New York. This area is characterized by the many beautiful lakes nestled among the ridges.

In the northwest corner of the state is the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region. This mountainous area includes the Kittatinny Mountains that run parallel to New Jersey's northwestern border. The Delaware Water Gap is where the Delaware River has cut through the Kittatinny Mountains. The wide Appalachian Valley lies southeast of the Kittatinny Mountains. Shale and limestone formation can be found in the valley along with dairy cattle and apple orchards.

( New Jersey Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in New Jersey is 110°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on July 10, 1936 at Runyon.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature in New Jersey, -34°, was recorded on January 5, 1904 at River Vale.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 85.6 degrees to a low of 24.2 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for New Jersey, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
Paul G. E. Clemens and Robert M. Hordon, "New Jersey," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/388680, August 15, 2001.
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To New Hampshire geography. To New Mexico geography.

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