The Geography of Missouri
Click here for a few definitions.
|Longitude / Latitude
||Longitude: 89° 6'W to 95° 42'W
Latitude: 36°N to 40° 35'N
|Length x Width
||Missouri is about 300 miles long and 240 miles wide.
of Missouri is located in Miller County, 20 miles SW of Jefferson City.
Longitude: 92° 37.9'W
Latitude: 32° 48.9'N
||Missouri is bordered by Iowa on the north and by
Arkansas and Tennessee on the south.
and Tennessee border Missouri on the east and Nebraska,
Kansas, and Oklahoma border Missouri on the west.
||Missouri covers 69,709 square miles, making it the 21st largest of the
||68,898 square miles of Missouri are land areas.
||811 square miles of Missouri are covered by water.
||The highest point in Missouri is
Taum Sauk Mountain
at 1,772 feet above sea level.
||The lowest point in Missouri is the St. Francis River at 230 feet
above sea level.
||The Mean Elevation of the state of Missouri is 800 feet above sea level.
||Current River, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Osage River, St. Francis River
||Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Clearwater Lake, Lake Wappapello
|North of the Missouri River, the state is composed of Dissected Till Plains. This
area is covered with rich soil that is particularly good for growing corn. This
well-watered prairie is criss-crossed by many slow-moving rivers and streams.
The Osage Plains cover western Missouri. This area is mostly flat but some hills
are evident. The soil in this region is not as rich as in the Dissected Till Plains.
Corn and other grain crops are grown in the Osage Plains region.
The largest land area in Missouri, the Ozark Plateau, is a place of beauty
covered with forested hills and low mountains. Under foot are many caves.
The area is also known for its large springs, lakes, and clear rivers. In the
southwestern corner of Missouri, the high tableland makes for great gardens and
great strawberries. The St. Francois Mountains are in the southeast. This area
is the highest and most rugged section of the state. Taum Sauk Mountain, the highest
point in Missouri, is located in the St. Francois Mountains.
The southern part of Missouri is covered by the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. This
land, once swampy, has been drained to form a rich farmland suitable for growing
cotton, soybeans, and rice. The southern portion of Missouri that juts into Arkansas,
is called the Boot Heel because of its shape.
( Missouri Close-up )
|Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
||The highest temperature recorded in Missouri is 118°, Fahrenheit. This record high
was recorded on July 15, 1936 at Clinton, on July 18, 1936 at Lamar, and on
July 14, 1954 at Warsaw and Union.
||The lowest temperature in Missouri, -40°, was recorded on February 13, 1905 at Warsaw.
||Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 90.5 degrees to a low of 19.4 degrees.
||Average yearly precipitation for Missouri, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on
this chart from Oregon State University.