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Hawaii State Symbols, Songs, and Emblems

For the latest symbols information, visit the NETSTATE CHRONICLE.

DesignationList a-z Symbol / Emblem Adopted


Shankle, George Earlie. State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols. Irvine, Calif.: Reprint Services Corp, Revised edition, 1971.
Shearer, Benjamin F. and Barbara S. State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols: A Historical Guide Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 3 Sub edition, 2001.

'Auana (modern) musical instrument Ukulele 2015
Aloha spirit Aloha spirit graphic 1986
Bird Nene, also known as the Hawaiian goose (Branta sandwicensis) 1957
Dance Hula 1999
Flag Find out more... 1816
Fish Humuhumunukunukuapua`a, also known as the rectangular trigger fish or Hawaiian trigger fish (Rhinecanthus rectangulus) 1985
Flower Pua Aloalo, or Ma`o-hau-hele (Hibiscus brackenridgei) 1988
Gem Black coral 1987
Great Seal Find out more... 1959
Individual sport Surfing 1998
Insect Pulelehua, also known as the Kamehameha butterfly (Vanessa tameamea) 2009
Island colors
Hawai'i The official color is red.
Maui The official color is pink.
O'ahu The official color is golden yellow.
Kaua'i The official color is purple.
Moloka'i The official color is green.
Lana'i The official color is orange.
Ni'ihau The official color is white.
Kaho'olawe The official color is gray.
Island flowers
Hawai'i `Ç hi`a lehua (Metrosideros macropus M. collina), also known as Pua lehuais, designated as the official flower.
Maui Lokelani, also known as damask rose (Rosa damascena), designated as the official flower.
O'ahu Pua `ilima from the native dodder shrubs (Sida fallax) designated as the official flower.
Kaua'i Mokihana from the native tree (Pelea anisata) designated as the official lei material.
Moloka'i Pua kukui, also known as the candlenut tree (Aleurites moluccana), designated as the official lei material.
Lana'i Kauna`oa, also known as the native dodder (Cuscuta sandwichiana), designated as the official lei material.
Ni'ihau Pä pä, also known as the Momi, Laiki, and Kahelelani, designated as the official lei material.
Kaho'olawe Hinahina ornative heliotrope (Heliotropium anomalum, var. argenteum) designated as the official lei material.
Kahiko (traditional) musical instrument Pahu 2015
Land mammal Ōpe'ape'a or Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) 2015
Mammal Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi) 2008
Marine mammal Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) 1979
Native language Hawaiian 1978
Order of Merit Hawaiian 1993
Plant Kalo (Colocasia esculenta), Hawaiian word for taro 2007
Popular name The Aloha State 1959
Song "Hawai`i Pono`i" 1967
Team sport Outrigger canoe paddling 1986
Tree Kukui tree (Aleurites Moluccana) 1959

Making laws in Hawaii

To help us understand how laws are made in Hawaii, the Hawaii State Legislature offers a 64-page citizen's guide, The Legislative Process: A Process of the Peopleadobe document, and Definitions, including a Glossary of Legislative Terms and a list of Abbreviations and Acronyms. Their Frequently Asked Questions page may be helpful as well.

Additional Information

Hawaii Facts and Symbols
Facts and Symbols

Emily McAuliffe

Hawaii Facts and Symbols, by Emily McAuliffe. 24 pages. Publisher: Capstone Press; Rev Upd edition (August 2003) Reading level: Grades 3-4. Interest level: Grades 3-9. Perfect for report writing! Easy-to-read text covers major Hawaii symbols such as the state flag, seal, bird, tree, flower, animal, and more. A "Fast Facts" section highlights the state's capital city, largest city, physical size, population, natural resources, farm products, and primary manufactured goods. Also included are full-page maps that introduce the concept of the map key, which is great for teaching map-reading skills.

State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols
State Names, Seals
Flags and Symbols

Benjamin F. Shearer
Barbara S. Shearer

State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols, by Benjamin F. Shearer, Barbara S. Shearer. 544 pages. Greenwood Press; 3 Sub edition (October 30, 2001) This is one of the best, and most comprehensive, books we could find about the official state names and nicknames, mottoes, seals, flags, capitols, flowers, trees, birds, songs, and miscellaneous designations of each state. This, coupled with the 1938 Shankle book, formed the basis of our symbol library. If you're serious about your states symbols, you'll want to have this book and the one below. This book also contains information about state holidays, license plates, sports teams, universities and other trivia.

State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols, by George Earlie Shankle. 522 pages. Reprint Services Corp; Revised edition (June 1971) Reprint of the 1938 revised edition. The first comprehensive book about our state symbols! From the preface: "This book grew out of the desire of its author to know, about his native state, a great many facts which he found exceedingly difficult to obtain. After three years of research in the Library of Congress, he is able to give to the public this storehouse of information, which could have been gathered from not library less fertile in source material..."

Visit the NETSTATE Hawaii State Book Store for additional Hawaii related books, including Hawaii Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.

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