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Texas Almanac

The Texas Almanac presents a general overview of the State of Texas.

Category Information


The United States Census Bureau, July 10, 2001.
Texas. T, Vol. 19. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 186. PAGE. Print.
Carpenter, Alan, and Carl Provorse. The World Almanac of the U.S.A.. Mahwah: World Almanac Books, 1996. Print.

Admitted to Union December 29, 1845
Capital Austin, [ Find out more... ]
Nickname Lone Star State, Beef State, Banner State, [ Find out more... ]
Motto Friendship, [ Find out more... ]
Total area including land and water 268,601 square miles Rank among states 2nd
Land area 261,914 square miles Rank among states 2nd
Water area 6,687 square miles Rank among states 9th
Greatest distance East to West 774 miles
Greatest distance North to South 737 miles
Highest point 8,749 feet (Guadalupe Peak) Rank among states 14th
Lowest point Sea level (Gulf of Mexico) Rank among states 3rd
Mean elevation 1,700 feet Rank among states 17th
Highest recorded temperature 120 degrees on August 12, 1936 at Seymour
Lowest recorded temperature -23 degrees on February 8, 1933 at Seminole
Highest monthly average temperature 98.5 degrees Rank among states 4th
Lowest monthly average temperature 21.7 degrees Rank among states 29th
Average yearly precipitation (rain & snow) 27 inches Rank among states  
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)
20,851,820 Rank among states 2nd
Population per square mile
(Population/Land area)
79.61 Rank among states 28th
Ten largest cities by population
State Capital in red
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)

1. Houston 1,953,631 6. Fort Worth 534,694
2. Dallas 1,188,580 7. Arlington 332,969
3. San Antonio 1,144,646 8. Corpus Christi 277,454
4. Austin 656,562 9. Plano 222,030
5. El Paso 563,662 10. Garland 215,768
Median age 30.8
Average lifetime (1979-1981) 73.64 Rank among states 32nd
Total crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 6,439.1 Rank among states 6th
Violent crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 762.1 Rank among states 15th
Property crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 5,677.0 Rank among states 6th
Per capita income (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$27,752 Rank among states 24th
Disposable per capita personal income (income minus taxes) (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$24,263 Rank among states 19th
Median household income (1993) $28,727 Rank among states 33rd

Additional Information

Texas Almanac 2012-2013

Texas Almanac 2012-2013, edited by Elizabeth Cruce Alvarez and Robert Plocheck. 99 pages. Publisher: Texas State Historical Assn; 66th Edition (November 8, 2011)

First published in 1857, the Texas Almanac has a long history of chronicling the Lone Star State and its residents. The Almanac's 66th edition is printed in full color and includes hundreds of photographs from every region of the state. Color maps of the state and each of its 254 counties show relief, major and minor roads, waterways, parks, and other attractions. Each county map is accompanied by a profile outlining that county's history, physical features, recreation, population, and economy.

In addition to the sections on history and government, population and demographics, the natural environment, sports and recreation, business and transportation, oil and minerals, agriculture, science and health, education, culture and the arts, obituaries of notable Texans, and a pronunciation guide to town and county names, the Texas Almanac 2012–2013 includes the following special articles and data:

  • An article on the birth of the Austin music scene and the influence on it by legendary musician Willie Nelson, written by Nelson biographer Joe Nick Patoski. The Austin music scene is recognized worldwide through Austin City Limits, the longest running music program on American television.
  • A history of the Civil War in Texas to mark the 150th year since the beginning of that conflict. Composed by Texana writer Mike Cox, the article highlights the unique aspects of the war in Texas, such as the Great Hanging at Gainesville and the Battle of Palmito Ranch.
  • Newly released 2010 population figures.
  • A complete history of voter turnout in Texas going back to 1866.
  • A history of professional football in Texas.
  • Comprehensive lists of high school football and basketball championships, Texas Olympians, and Texas Sports Hall of Fame inductees.

Visit the NETSTATE Texas State Book Store for additional Texas related books, including Texas Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.

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