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New York Almanac

The New York Almanac presents a general overview of the State of New York.

Category Information


The United States Census Bureau, July 10, 2001.
New York. N-O, Vol. 14. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1988. 292. Print.
Carpenter, Alan, and Carl Provorse. The World Almanac of the U.S.A.. Mahwah: World Almanac Books, 1996. Print.

Admitted to Union July 26, 1788
Capital Albany, [ Find out more... ]
Nickname Empire State, Excelsior State, Knickerbocker State, [ Find out more... ]
Motto Excelsior, [ Find out more... ]
Total area including land and water 54,475 square miles Rank among states 27th
Land area 47,224 square miles Rank among states 30th
Water area 7,251 square miles Rank among states 8th
Greatest distance East to West 409 miles
Greatest distance North to South 310 miles
Highest point 5,344 feet (Mount Marcy) Rank among states 21st
Lowest point sea level (Atlantic Ocean) Rank among states 3rd
Mean elevation 1,000 feet Rank among states 26th
Highest recorded temperature 108 degrees on July 22, 1926 at Troy
Lowest recorded temperature -52 degrees on February 18, 1979 at Old Forge
Highest monthly average temperature 85.3 degrees Rank among states 38th
Lowest monthly average temperature 11.9 degrees Rank among states 12th
Average yearly precipitation (rain & snow) 39 inches Rank among states  
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)
18,976,457 Rank among states 3rd
Population per square mile
(Population/Land area)
401.84 Rank among states 6th
Ten largest cities by population
State Capital in red
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)

1. New York 8,008,278 6. Albany 95,658
2. Buffalo 292,648 7. New Rochelle 72,182
3. Rochester 219,773 8. Mount Vernon 68,381
4. Yonkers 196,086 9. Schenectady 61,821
5. Syracuse 147,306 10. Utica 60,651
Median age 33.9
Average lifetime (1979-1981) 73.70 Rank among states 29th
Total crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 5,551.3 Rank among states 18th
Violent crimes reported per 100,000 people 1,073.5 Rank among states 4th
Property crimes reported per 100,000 people 4,477.8 Rank among states 24th
Per capita income (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$34,689 Rank among states 4th
Disposable per capita personal income (income minus taxes) (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$28,370 Rank among states 5th
Median household income (1993) $31,697 Rank among states 21st

Additional Information

The Encyclopedia of New York State

The Encyclopedia of New York State, edited by Peter Eisenstadt, Laura-Eve Moss and Carole F. Huxley. 1921 pages. Publisher: Syracuse University Press (June 2005)

The Encyclopedia of New York State is the first complete study of the Empire State to be published in a half-century. In 1,900 pages and over 4,000 signed entries, this single volume captures the impressive complexity of New York State: historic crossroads of people and ideas, cradle of abolitionism and feminism, apex of modern urban, suburban, and rural life. The Encyclopedia is packed with fascinating distinctions: Manhattan's Lower East Side was once the most populated neighborhood in the world, but Hamilton County in the Adirondacks is the least populated county east of the Mississippi; New York is the only state to border the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean; and the Erie Canal opened the New York City to rich farmland upstate...and to the west.

The Almanac of New York City

The Almanac of New York City, edited by Kenneth T. Jackson and Fred Kameny. 528 pages. Publisher: Columbia University Press (October 10, 2008)

The Almanac of New York City is an innovative companion for urban enthusiasts. Nowhere else will you find the name of the city's first comptroller (Selah Strong) and Staten Island's most recently designated historic district (Our Lady of Mount Carmel Grotto) next to the city's best-attended cultural institution (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, with five million visitors annually) and its lowest recorded temperature (15 degrees below zero in February 1934). The Almanac identifies the borough with the most residents who relocate to Palm Beach (Queens) and the borough with the highest number of Panamanian immigrants (Brooklyn). It lists where New York currently ranks in the cost of apartment rentals, the rate of obesity in each borough, the details of executions dating back to 1639, per capita income by borough, the longest-running Broadway shows, the winners of the Wanamaker Mile, and the location of celebrated grave sites. Compiled by two longtime historians of the city, The Almanac treats readers to a real New York story, a tale that will delight anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the Big Apple's complex core.

The Encyclopedia of New York City

The Encyclopedia of New York City, edited by Kenneth T. Jackson. 1584 pages. Publisher: Yale University Press; 2 edition (December 1, 2010)

Much has changed since the volume first appeared in 1995: the World Trade Center no longer dominates the skyline, a billionaire businessman has become an unlikely three-term mayor, and urban regeneration—Chelsea Piers, the High Line, DUMBO, Williamsburg, the South Bronx, the Lower East Side—has become commonplace. To reflect such innovation and change, this definitive, one-volume resource on the city has been completely revised and expanded.

The revised edition includes 800 new entries that help complete the story of New York: from Air Train to E-ZPass, from September 11 to public order. The new material includes broader coverage of subject areas previously underserved as well as new maps and illustrations. Virtually all existing entries—spanning architecture, politics, business, sports, the arts, and more—have been updated to reflect the impact of the past two decades.

Visit the NETSTATE New York State Book Store for additional New York related books, including New York Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.

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