Missouri Floral Emblem
Adoption of the Missouri Floral Emblem
By an act of the Fifty-second General Assembly convened at Jefferson, signed by Governor Arthur Mastick Hyde on March 16, 1923, the blossom of the hawthorn was adopted as the official floral emblem of the State of Missouri.
Though a specific variety of hawthorn is not named in the legislation, the Missouri Department of Conservation asserts that the downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis) is the species deserving of the recognition.
The Missouri Revised Statutes
The following information is excerpted from the Missouri Revised Statutes, Title 2, Chapter 10, Section 10.030.
TITLE II. SOVEREIGNTY, JURISDICTION AND EMBLEMS.
10.030. The hawthorn, the blossom of the tree commonly called the "red haw" or "wild haw" and scientifically designated as crataegus, is declared to be the floral emblem of Missouri, and the state department of agriculture shall recognize it as such and encourage its cultivation on account of the beauty of its flower, fruit and foliage.
(RSMo 1939 § 15440, RSMo 1949 § 10.090, A.L. 1957 p. 726)
Prior revision: 1929 § 14315
Hawthorn: Varieties (Washington & Green Hawthorns) from the Missouri Department of Conservation.
Crataegus spp. (Hawthorn): Plant Encyclopedia from MyGardenGuide.
Crataegus mollis: University of Connecticut Plant Database of Trees, Shrubs and Vines.
Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.): Tree Identification Fact Sheet from Virginia Tech.
Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.): Landowner Fact Sheet from Virginia Tech.
Plant Profile for Crataegus spp. (Hawthorn): USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
State Flower List: List of all of the state flowers.
State Birds & Flowers 1000-pc Puzzle: Created at the request of The National Wildlife Federation this design is a beautiful and informative puzzle featuring every state bird perched on the appropriate state flower.
State Birds and Flowers Coloring Book by Annika Bernhard - 51 accurately detailed, copyright-free renderings include national bird (eagle) and flower (rose) plus 50 state birds and flowers.
U. S. State Flowers in Cross Stitch by Gerda Bengtsson - Botanically correct cross stitch designs of state flowers of the 50 States.
Quilting Flowers of the States by Sue Harvey - A lovely 12-inch flower block for each of the 50 states. Techniques used are piecing, appliqué, paper-piecing and three-dimensional techniques.
Plants, Seeds & Flowers: Bulbs, seeds, plants, fertilizer, plant containers and more.
Gardening Tools: Pruners, rakes, shovels, hoes, trowels, cultivators and tillers, greenhouses, yard carts and more.
State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, Third Edition - Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Greenwood Press, 2002
State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols: A Study based on historical documents giving the origin and significance of the state names, nicknames, mottoes, seals, flowers, birds, songs, and descriptive comments on the capitol buildings and on some of the leading state histories, Revised Edition - George Earlie Shankle, Ph.D., The H.W. Wilson Company, 1938 (Reprint Services Corp. 1971)
Source: Missouri Revised Statutes, (http://www.moga.state.mo.us/statutesearch/), July 23, 2005
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