The Michigan State Flag
The current Michigan state flag is the third official state flag and was adopted by Public Act 209 in 1911. The first flag displayed a portrait of Michigan's first governor, Stevens Thomson Mason on one side and the state coat of arms on the other side. In 1865, this flag was changed. Stevens Mason's portrait was removed and the flag displayed the Michigan coat of arms on one side and the United States coat of arms on the other side, perhaps in response to the end of the civil war. Today the flag displays only the Michigan coat of arms on a field of blue.
Depicted on the shield is a lake with a yellow sun rising over the blue waters. A man is standing on a peninsula with one hand raised in a greeting of friendship and the other hand holding a rifle. An Elk and a Moose support the shield between them and a Bald Eagle grasping an olive branch and arrows in its talons is shown above the shield.
Three mottos are shown on the coat of arms: E Pluribus Unum (From many, one), Tuebor (I will defend), and Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice (If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you). These mottos are reflected in the coat of arms pictorially. E Pluribus Unum, also our national motto, aligns with the depiction of the Bald Eagle. Tuebor is represented in the arrows clasped in the eagle's talons and the gun held in the man's left hand. Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice is supported by the warmth of the sun, the man's friendly greeting from the peninsula and the olive branches held by the Bald Eagle.
The Bald Eagle represents the United States and the Elk and Moose represent Michigan.
Michigan Flag Law
The following information was excerpted from the Michigan Compiled Laws, Chapter 2.
CHAPTER 2. STATE.
2.23 State flag.
The state flag shall be blue charged with the arms of the state.
History: 1911, Act 209, Eff. Aug. 1, 1911 ;-- CL 1915, 1100 ;-- CL 1929, 136 ;-- CL 1948, 2.23
2.27 United States flag, state flag; display, expense payment.
The flag of the United States and the state flag bearing the arms of the state, shall be displayed upon the capitol building during the daily sessions of the legislature and of the supreme court, and on public occasions. The board of state auditors shall see that the flags are so displayed and that the necessary flag staffs shall be placed and flags supplied. The expense thereof shall be allowed by them and paid by the state treasurer upon proper warrant.
History: 1911, Act 209, Eff. Aug. 1, 1911 ;-- CL 1915, 1104 ;-- CL 1929, 140 ;-- CL 1948, 2.27
© 2007 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Source: Michigan Legislature, Michigan Compiled Laws, (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/), August 13, 2007.
Michigan (U.S.): FOTW "Flags of the World" Web Site.
State Flags: Complete list of state flags with links to large pictures and images suitable for coloring.
Flag Terminology: The parts of a flag and terms associated with its design.
Visit Our Flag Shop: Purchase all kinds of flags and banners, lapel pins, 50 state flag sets, decals, patches, college banners at the Flag Shop.
Purchase Michigan State Flags: You may purchase quality state flags from the United States Flag Store.
Flags of the Fifty States and their Incredible Histories: A complete guide to America's most powerful symbols by Randy Howe.
How Proudly They Wave: Flags of the Fifty States: This book, by Rita D. Haban, is geared toward younger readers.
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