North Carolina State Flower
Adoption of the North Carolina State Flower
Prior to official legislative action, the daisy and the goldenrod were often thought of as state flowers of North Carolina.
National Geographic Magazine listed the daisy as North Carolina's state flower in April 1917. Indeed, the daisy was a popular flower in the state. Though the July 1936 issue of Flower Grower Magazine cited the oxeye daisy as North Carolina's state flower, a bill sponsoring the daisy as the official state flower was defeated. The goldenrod was also popularly thought of as the state flower by many in North Carolina but, like the daisy, it's abundance throughout the state and its support from garden clubs were not enough to make it official.
By the end of the 1930s, a movement had gained steam to adopt an official state flower in North Carolina. The daisy, the goldenrod, the dogwood, the flame azalea, the Venus flytrap (Adopted as North Carolina's official carnivorous plant in 2005) and even the pinecone were among those considered for the honor.
Because of its abundance throughout the state, the dogwood was able to fend off its most competitive opponent, the flame azalea, at the last minute. On March 15, 1941, the North Carolina Legislature approved the dogwood as the state's official flower.
Though not specified in the legislation, Cornus florida, commonly referred to as the flowering dogwood, is accepted as the species intended as the official flower of North Carolina.
The North Carolina General Statutes
The following information is excerpted from the North Carolina General Statutes, Chapter 145, Section 145-1.
CHAPTER 145. State Symbols and Other Official Adoptions.
The dogwood is hereby adopted as the official flower of the State of North Carolina. (1941, c. 289.)
The Flowering Dogwood: North Carolina State University: Horticultural Information Leaflet.
Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood, Cornel cultivar): Plant Encyclopedia from MyGardenGuide.
Cornus florida: University of Connecticut Plant Database of Trees, Shrubs and Vines.
Plant Profile for SCIENCE (FLOWER): USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
State Flower List: List of all of the state flowers.
State Birds & Flowers 1000-pc Puzzle: Created at the request of The National Wildlife Federation this design is a beautiful and informative puzzle featuring every state bird perched on the appropriate state flower.
State Birds and Flowers Coloring Book by Annika Bernhard - 51 accurately detailed, copyright-free renderings include national bird (eagle) and flower (rose) plus 50 state birds and flowers.
U. S. State Flowers in Cross Stitch by Gerda Bengtsson - Botanically correct cross stitch designs of state flowers of the 50 States.
Quilting Flowers of the States by Sue Harvey - A lovely 12-inch flower block for each of the 50 states. Techniques used are piecing, appliqué, paper-piecing and three-dimensional techniques.
Plants, Seeds & Flowers: Bulbs, seeds, plants, fertilizer, plant containers and more.
Gardening Tools: Pruners, rakes, shovels, hoes, trowels, cultivators and tillers, greenhouses, yard carts and more.
State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, Third Edition - Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Greenwood Press, 2002
State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols: A Study based on historical documents giving the origin and significance of the state names, nicknames, mottoes, seals, flowers, birds, songs, and descriptive comments on the capitol buildings and on some of the leading state histories, Revised Edition - George Earlie Shankle, Ph.D., The H.W. Wilson Company, 1938 (Reprint Services Corp. 1971)
Source: North Carolina General Statutes, (http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/gascripts/Statutes/Statutes.asp), August 24, 2005
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