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North Carolina State Flag North Carolina

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The Geography of North Carolina

Click here  for a few definitions.

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 75° 30' W to 84° 15' W
Latitude: 34° N to 36° 21' N
North Carolina map
North Carolina base and elevation maps
Length x Width North Carolina is 500 miles long and 150 miles wide.  
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of North Carolina is located in Chatham County, 10 miles NW of Sanford.
Longitude: 79° 27.3'W
Latitude: 35° 36.2'N
 
Borders North Carolina is bordered by Virginia on the north and by South Carolina and Georgia on the south. In the east, North Carolina is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. On the west, Tennessee is North Carolina's neighbor.
Total Area North Carolina covers 53,821 square miles, making it the 28th largest of the 50 states.
Land Area 48,708 square miles of North Carolina are land areas.
Water Area 5,103 square miles of North Carolina are covered by water.
Highest Point The highest point in North Carolina is Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point The lowest point in North Carolina is at the shore where North Carolina meets the Atlantic Ocean; sea level.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of North Carolina is 700 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Neuse River, Roanoke River, Yadkin River
Major Lakes Lake Mattamuskeet, Lake Phelps, Lake Waccamaw

The Land

The eastern 2/5 of North Carolina is characterized as coastal plain and tidewater. Moving west, the next 2/5 of North Carolina, about 200 miles wide, consists of a piedmont plateau. In the west, the land slopes upward from gentle to rugged rolling hills to the high southern Appalachian Mountains containing the Blue Ridge and Great Smokey Mountains.

( North Carolina Close-up )

Climate (All temperatures Fahrenheit)
Highest Temperature The highest temperature recorded in North Carolina is 110°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on August 21, 1983 at Fayetteville.
Lowest Temperature The lowest temperature in North Carolina, -34°, was recorded on January 21, 1985 on Mount Mitchell.
Average Temperature Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 88.3 degrees to a low of 27.3 degrees.
Climate Average yearly precipitation for North Carolina, from 1971 to 2000, is shown on this chart from Oregon State University.
Sources:
The World Almanac of the U.S.A. by Allan Carpenter and Carl Provorse, Copyright © 1998
Stephen S. Birdsall and Harry L. Watson, "North Carolina," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/394160, August 15, 2001.
The United States Geological Survey Website
Maps.com http://www.maps.com
To New York geography. To North Dakota geography.

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