The Kansas State Flag
First flown at Fort Riley by Governor Ben Paulin for the troops at Fort Riley and for the Kansas National Guard and officially adopted by the Kansas State Legislature on May 21, 1927, the State Flag displays the Great Seal of the State of Kansas centered on a blue field. Above the seal is the state crest, a sunflower resting on a twisted blue and gold bar. Below the seal in gold block lettering is the name of the state, "KANSAS"
The State Crest consists of a twisted blue and gold bar representing the Louisiana Purchase, from which Kansas was carved. The state flower, the Sunflower is depicted as if "torn from its stalk." Some say that the "open frankness of the Sunflower is indicative of the fearlessness with which Kansas meets her problems and solves them."
The State Seal centered on the flag tells, eloquently, the story of Kansas. The thirty-four stars clustered at the top of the seal identify Kansas as the 34th state to be accepted into the Union. Above the stars is printed the state motto, "Ad Astra per Aspera", Latin for "To the Stars through Difficulties."
The rolling hills around Fort Riley are reflected in the seal. The Indians hunting American Bison, the prairie schooners heading west and the oxen mirror the expanding frontier. The farmer, plowing his field before his cabin represents agricultural assets while the steamboat navigating the Kansas River, delivering supplies to Manhattan and Fort Riley, represents commerce within the state.
Kansas Flag Law
The following information was excerpted from the Kansas Statutes, Chapter 73, Article 7.
Chapter 73. - SOLDIERS, SAILORS AND PATRIOTIC EMBLEMS.
73-702. Same; description; form and makeup. The official state flag of the state of Kansas shall be a rectangle of dark-blue silk or bunting, three (3) feet on the staff by five (5) feet fly.
73-703. State banner. A state banner be and the same is hereby adopted to be used on every and all occasions, when the state is officially and publicly represented, with the privilege of the use by all citizens on all fitting and appropriate occasions authorized by the state authorities.
73-704. Same; description; form and makeup. The official banner of the state of Kansas, provided for in K.S.A. 73-703, shall be of solid blue and shall be of the same tint as the color of the field of the United States flag, whose width shall be three-fourths of its length, with a sunflower in the center having a diameter of two-thirds of the space of the banner, enclosing and surrounding with its petals of gold, a brown center having a diameter of two-fifths the size of the sunflower. Service banners may be made of bunting or other material of such size as required on conforming to the proportionate specifications.
73-705. Flag Day proclamation by governor. The governor of this state shall on or before June 1 of each year issue a proclamation recommending that June 14, flag day, be observed by the people of this state by the display of the flag of the United States of America and in such other ways as will be in harmony with the general character of the day.
73-706. Display of United States flag by public institution. Every person or board having under its jurisdiction the main administration building of any public institution in this state shall have the flag of the United States of America displayed on said main administration building each day except that the flag need not be so displayed when the weather is inclement.
73-707. Flag and flagpole for every schoolhouse; flag use, etiquette and display. The board of education of every school district and the proprietor of a private or parochial school, in this state shall provide a suitable flag of the United States of America with staff or flagpole for every schoolhouse under the control and supervision of such board or proprietor. The flag shall be displayed in conformance with the instructions relating to flag etiquette, use and display adopted by the state board of education under K.S.A. 72-5308, and amendments thereto.
73-708. Flag to be displayed on election day. Every person in this state charged with the duty of providing supplies at any election polling place, shall provide a suitable flag of the United States of America, and shall cause the same to be displayed in each polling place on the day of each and every election.
73-710. Penalty for violating 73-705 to 73-710. Any person failing to comply with or violating any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars.
73-711. Display of Kansas state flag; definitions. As used in this act:
73-712. Same; display on school grounds each day of school year; exception. It shall be the duty of the governing body of every school district in the state and of the supervisory authority of every private and parochial school to provide an official state flag for the school district or for the school under its jurisdiction and control, and to have said state flag displayed on the school grounds each day during the school year: Provided, That when the weather is inclement, the flag may be displayed within the school building.
Source: The Kansas Legislature, Statutes, (http://www.kslegislature.org/legsrv-statutes/index.do), August 12, 2007.
Kansas (U.S.): FOTW "Flags of the World" Web Site.
State Flags: Complete list of state flags with links to large pictures and images suitable for coloring.
Flag Terminology: The parts of a flag and terms associated with its design.
Visit Our Flag Shop: Purchase all kinds of flags and banners, lapel pins, 50 state flag sets, decals, patches, college banners at the Flag Shop.
Purchase Kansas State Flags: You may purchase quality state flags from the United States Flag Store.
Flags of the Fifty States and their Incredible Histories: A complete guide to America's most powerful symbols by Randy Howe.
How Proudly They Wave: Flags of the Fifty States: This book, by Rita D. Haban, is geared toward younger readers.
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