Arkansas State Floral Emblem
Adoption of the Arkansas State Floral Emblem
After what has been referred to as the "battle of the blooms," the apple blossom was adopted as the State floral emblem of Arkansas by an act of the Legislature on July 30, 1901. The legislation read, in part,
The "battle of the blooms" was between the Floral Emblem Society and the Arkansas Federation of Women's Clubs. The Floral Emblem Society supported the apple blossom and the Arkansas Federation of Women's Clubs supported the passion flower. Mrs. Ed Barton of Searcy, local president of the Floral Emblem Society, is singled out for an extraordinary effort credited with winning the State floral emblem honor for the apple blossom.
Mrs. Barton wrote personal letters to 500 prominent citizens including every state legislator. With these letters, she included a promotional pamphlet extolling the virtues of the apple blossom and referring to the passion flower as "a pretty but rank and disagreeable weed, which isn’t a native of Arkansas at all but will grow anywhere the farmer’s hoe will let it.”
On the day that the legislature was to vote, Mrs. Barton appeared at the Capitol in a red dress and a crisp red Arkansas apple for each legislator. She also handed them a note that read,
The Arkansas Code (Non annotated)
The following information is excerpted from the Arkansas Code (Non annotated), Title 1, Chapter 2, Section 1-4-109.
TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
The apple blossom is declared to be the state floral emblem of Arkansas.
History. Senate Concurrent Resolution, No. 1, Acts 1901, p. 408; A.S.A. 1947, § 5-109.
Plant Profile (Malus P. Mill.): USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: Plants Database.
Growing Apples in the Home Garden: Michael L. Parker, Extension Horticultural Specialist, Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, North Carolina State University.
Apple: A Modern Herbal by Mrs. M. Grieve.
State Flower List: List of all of the state flowers.
Apple Blossom: Posters and Prints.
State Birds & Flowers 1000-pc Puzzle: Created at the request of The National Wildlife Federation this design is a beautiful and informative puzzle featuring every state bird perched on the appropriate state flower.
State Birds and Flowers Coloring Book by Annika Bernhard - 51 accurately detailed, copyright-free renderings include national bird (eagle) and flower (rose) plus 50 state birds and flowers.
U. S. State Flowers in Cross Stitch by Gerda Bengtsson - Botanically correct cross stitch designs of state flowers of the 50 States.
Quilting Flowers of the States by Sue Harvey - A lovely 12-inch flower block for each of the 50 states. Techniques used are piecing, appliqué, paper-piecing and three-dimensional techniques.
Plants, Seeds & Flowers: Bulbs, seeds, plants, fertilizer, plant containers and more.
Gardening Tools: Pruners, rakes, shovels, hoes, trowels, cultivators and tillers, greenhouses, yard carts and more.
State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, Third Edition - Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Greenwood Press, 2002
State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols: A Study based on historical documents giving the origin and significance of the state names, nicknames, mottoes, seals, flowers, birds, songs, and descriptive comments on the capitol buildings and on some of the leading state histories, Revised Edition - George Earlie Shankle, Ph.D., The H.W. Wilson Company, 1938 (Reprint Services Corp. 1971)
Source: Arkansas Code (Non annotated), (http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/NXT/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=blr:code), June 2, 2005
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