The Georgia State Folk Dance
Adoption of the Georgia State Folk Dance
Introduced by J. Max Davis, representing DeKalb County, House Bill No. 1519 was read in the Georgia House of Representatives for the first time on January 30, 1996. It was read in the Senate for the first time on February 27, 1996. By March 13, both the House and the Senate had approved the bill to amend the Official Code of Georgia Annotated to record "Square dancing is designated as the official Georgia folk dance."
Governor Zell Miller signed the legislation on April 8, 1996 with an effective date of July 1, 1996. By Legislative Act No. 803, square dancing was made the official Georgia folk dance.
Modern western square dance clubs across the country have collaborated to have the Square Dance declared the state folk dance in all fifty states. They have also been active in efforts to make the Square Dance the national folk dance. There is some controversy over their efforts, which can be read about in the "Additional Information" section below.
About the Official Georgia State Folk Dance
The square dance is a popular type of folk dance in the United States. This dance for four couples, or groups of four couples, is performed in a compact framework of a square, each couple forming a side. Traditionally accompanied by a fiddle, accordion, banjo and guitar, the couples perform a variety of movements prompted by the patter or singing calls (instruction) of a "caller". Cooperative movement is the hallmark of well-executed square dancing.
Square dancing is to be distinguished from related dances called contra or longways dance where couples stand double file in a line and from round dances where couples stand in a circle. The origin of the square dance can be traced to English derivation and to the stately French cotillion performed in square formation that was popular at the court of Louis the fifteenth later replace by the quadrille (another square dance).
The following information is excerpted from the Georgia Code Unannotated, Title 50, Chapter 3, Article 3, Section 50-3-73.
TITLE 50. State Government.
A Brief History of Square and Round Dancing: by Herb Egender.
Square Dancing: The Historical Geography of an American Folk Custom: Richard M. MacKinnon, Allan Hancock College, Santa Maria, California.
English and French Influence on Square Dancing: By Don Ward and John Brant.
Square Dance History in the U.S.: from the Mid-Atlantic Challenge Organization.
History and Heritage of Modern American Square Dancing: A summary of the essays by Dorothy Shaw, Bob Osgood and Kenny Reese.
The State Folk Dance
Conspiracy: Fabricating a National Folk Dance:
By Judy Mangin - Originally published in the Old-Time Herald
The Square Dance Legislation Collection: American Folklife Center 1984/024, Compiled by Michelle Forner, Library of Congress, Washington DC, December 1994
Source: Georgia General Assembly, (http://www.legis.state.ga.us/), February 16, 2005
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