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Official State Flowers

There is variation among the states in the way they have officially designated flowers to represent them. Some states designate an official state flower. Some states designate an official state floral emblem. Some states designate both an official flower and floral emblem. States have also designated wildflowers and one state has designated an official cultivated flower.

Official flowers listed by adoption year. (List by state or year)
State Name Designated as YearList by adoption year
Minnesota Pink and white lady slipper (Cypripedium reginae) Official flower 1893
Oklahoma Mistletoe Floral emblem 1893
Vermont Red clover State flower 1894
Delaware Peach blossom Official State flower 1895
Maine White pine cone and tassel Floral emblem 1895
Montana Lewisia rediviva (bitterroot) Floral emblem 1895
Nebraska Golden rod (Solidago serotina) Floral emblem 1895
Iowa Wild rose Official State flower 1897
Michigan Apple blossom State flower 1897
Colorado White and lavender columbine State flower 1899
Oregon Oregon grape Official flower 1899
Louisiana Magnolia State flower 1900
Arkansas Apple blossom State floral emblem 1901
Texas Bluebonnet State flower 1901
California Golden poppy (Eschscholzia) Official State flower 1903
Kansas Wild native sunflower State flower and floral emblem 1903
South Dakota American pasque flower (Pulsatilla hirsutissima) with motto State floral emblem 1903
West Virginia Big laurel Official State flower 1903
Ohio Scarlet carnation State flower 1904
North Dakota Wild prairie rose (Rosa blanda or arkansana) Floral emblem 1907
Connecticut Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) State flower 1907
Illinois Native violet Native State flower 1908
Florida Orange blossom State flower 1909
Utah Sego lily State flower 1911
Georgia Cherokee rose Floral emblem 1916
Alaska Wild native forget-me-not State flower and floral emblem 1917
Wyoming Castillija linariaefolia (Indian paint brush) State flower 1917
Maryland Black-eyed susan (Rudbeckia hirta) State flower 1918
Massachusetts Mayflower (Epigaea repens) Flower or floral emblem 1918
Virginia American dogwood (Cornus florida) Floral emblem 1918
New Hampshire Purple lilac (Syringa vulgaris) State flower 1919
Missouri Hawthorn blossom (Crataegus) Floral emblem 1923
South Carolina Yellow jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) State flower 1924
Kentucky Goldenrod Official State flower 1926
New Mexico Yucca flower Official flower 1927
Idaho Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii) State flower 1931
Pennsylvania Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) State flower 1933
Tennessee Iris (Iridaceae) State cultivated flower 1933
North Carolina Dogwood Official flower 1941
Washington Rhododendron macrophyllum Official flower 1949
Wisconsin Wood violet (Viola papilionacea) State flower 1949
Mississippi Flower of the magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora L.) State flower 1952
New York Rose Official flower 1955
Indiana Peony (Paeonia) Official State flower 1957
Alabama Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) Official State flower 1959
Nevada Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata or trifida) Official State flower 1967
Rhode Island Violet (Viola sororia) State flower 1968
New Jersey Common meadow violet (V. sororia) State flower 1972
Arizona Saguaro cactus flower (Cereus giganteus) State flower 1973
Tennessee Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) State wild flower 1973
Georgia Azalea State wild flower 1979
Oklahoma Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella) Official State wild flower 1986
Ohio Large white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum) State wild flower 1987
Hawaii Native yellow hibiscus (Hibiscus brackenridgei A. Gray) Official flower 1988
Louisiana Louisiana iris (Giganticaerulea) Official State wildflower 1990
Florida Coreopsis Official Florida State wildflower 1991
New Hampshire Pink lady's slipper (Cypripedium acaule) Official State wildflower 1991
Michigan Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris) Official wildflower 1998
Alabama Oak-leaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia Bartr.) Official State wildflower 1999
South Carolina Goldenrod (Solidago altissima) Official State wildflower 2003
Oklahoma Oklahoma rose Official flower 2004
Tennessee Tennessee echinacea (Echinacea tennesseensis) State wild flower 2012
State Birds & Flowers 100-pc Puzzle Each State Bird is perched upon the official State Flower in the State Birds & Flowers 1000-pc Puzzle. This great 24x30 inch, 1000 piece puzzle is fun, educational, and makes a wonderful gift. Purchase this puzzle directly from NETSTATE.COM the home of ALL the SYMBOLS.
Growing and Propagating Wildflowers of the United States and Canada

Growing and Propagating Wildflowers of the United States and Canada, by William Cullina. 314 pages. Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (April 15, 2000)

This most complete and authoritative guide to North American wildflowers offers clear and detailed information on growing and propagating 200 genera and 1,000 species of these precious plants. No matter what your level of interest -- whether it is to introduce a few plants into your garden or to learn how to propagate them for yourself or for sales, this book will inspire as well as inform you.

With Cullina's guidance, you'll learn in which parts of the continent the plants are found in the wild, and -- even more helpful -- where and how to succeed with them in your own garden wherever you live. As open land disappears, so too do many of the native plants that once flourished on this continent. Gardeners may be their last resort.

U. S. State Flowers in Counted Cross Stitch

U. S. State Flowers in Counted Cross Stitch , by Gerda Bengtsson. 99 pages. Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold (April 1977)

One of greatest living designers of charted cross-stitch offers exquisite, botanically correct cross stitch designs of state flowers of the 50 States.

Not currently in print, but definitely worth picking up a good used copy.

Quilting Flowers of the States

Quilting Flowers of the States, by Sue Harvey. 146 pages. House of White Birches (January 2003)

Create a great 12-inch flower block for each of the 50 states.

Techniques used are piecing, appliqué, paper-piecing and three-dimensional techniques.