For the latest symbols information, visit the NETSTATE CHRONICLE.
|Designation||Symbol / Emblem||Adopted|
"Legislation." Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Legislative Reference Library of Texas, 2012. Web. 3 Mar 2012. <http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/legis/billsearch/lrlhome.cfm>.
|Flag||Find out more...||1839|
|State seal||Find out more...||1845|
|Flower||Bluebonnet (Lupinus subcarnosus)||1901|
|Tree||Pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis)||1919|
|Bird||Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)||1927|
|Song||"Texas, Our Texas," words by William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright, music by William J. Marsh.||1929|
|Flower song||"Bluebonnets," by Julia D. Booth and Lora C. Crockett.||1933|
|Pledge to the flag||Find out more...||1933|
|Epic poem||"The Legend of Old Stone Ranch"||1969|
|Gem||Texas blue topaz||1969|
|Longhorn herd||Texas Parks and Wildlife's foundation herd||1969|
|Grass||Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) (Michx.) Torr.||1971|
|Gemstone cut||Lone Star Cut||1977|
|Plays||"The Lone Star," presented in Galveston Island State Park until 1990.
"Texas," presented in Palo Duro Canyon State Park.
"Beyond the Sundown," presented at the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation.
"Fandangle," presented in Shackelford County.
|Aquarium||Texas State Aquarium, Corpus Christi||1985|
|Maritime museum||Texas Maritime Museum, Rockport, Aransas County||1987|
|Shell||Lightning whelk (Busycon contrarium)||1987|
|Air force||Confederate Air Force||1989|
|Fish||Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculi)||1989|
|Tartan||Find out more...||1989|
|Folk dance||Square dance||1991|
|Fruit||Texas red grapefruit (Citrus X paradisi)||1993|
|Reptile||Horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)||1993|
|Flying mammal||Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)||1995|
|Insect||Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)||1995|
|Large state mammal||Longhorn (Bos taurus)||1995|
|Pepper||Jalapeno (Capsicum annuum)||1995|
|Plant||Prickly pear cactus (Opuntia spp.)||1995|
|Small mammal||Armadillo (Family: Dasypodidae)||1995|
|Bluebonnet trail||Ennis Bluebonnet Trail||1997|
|Bluebonnet festival||The Chappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival||1997|
|Fiber and fabric||Cotton (Genus Gossypium)||1997|
|Native pepper||Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum)||1997|
|Shrub||Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia)||1997|
|Health nut||Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)||2001|
|Home of "Old Rip--The Most Famous Horned Toad in Texas."||Eastland||2001|
|Horned lizard capital of Texas||Kenedy||2001|
|Tejano music hall of fame||Tejano Music Hall of Fame, Alice||2001|
|Pastries||Sopaipilla and Strudel (Until January 31, 2005)||2003|
|Railroad||Texas State Railroad||2003|
|Snack||Tortilla chips and salsa||2003|
|10K||Texas Round-Up 0K||2005|
|Cooking implement||Cast iron Dutch oven||2005|
|Bread||Pan de campo, also called cowboy bread||2005|
|Dog breed||Blue Lacy (Canis lupus familiaris)||2005|
|Native shrub||Texas purple sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)||2005|
|Rodeo drill team||Ghostriders||2007|
|Amphibian||Texas toad (Bufo speciosus)||2009|
|Cotton gin museum||Burton Cotton Gin & Museum, Burton||2009|
|Horse||American quarter horse (Equus caballus)||2009|
|Bison herd||Texas bison herd ad Caprock State Park||2011|
|Saltwater fish||Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)||2011|
|Waterlily||Nymphaea Texas Dawn||2011|
|Sea turtle||Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii)||2013|
|Pollinator||Western honey bee (Apis mellifera)||2015|
|Vaquero Capital||Jim Hogg County||2015|
|Hashtag of the State of Texas||#Texas||2015|
|Hashtag of the Texas Legislature||#texlege||2015|
|Hashtag of Texas Tourism||#TexasToDo||2015|
The Texas legislature offers information about itself on two distinct levels.
Each house of the Legislature maintains a section devoted to "kids." The House of Representatives' interactive "Kid's House, Where Texas Kids Meet Texas State Government," breaks down a general presentation into three level, grades 1-3, grades 4-6, and grades 7-8. The Texas Senate also maintains an interactive section called Senate Kids. It breaks down its presentation into sections for grades 4+ and grades 3-.
The 2007 Citizen Handbook: How the Legislature Works is a comprehensive guide and is obviously intended for adults. You may find the Legislative Lexicon--January 2011, published by the Texas Senate Research Center, a useful companion to the Citizen Handbook.
Texas State Symbols: List of adopted symbols - Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
TPWD Kids: Texas Symbols: Texas animal symbols and coloring book - Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
Flags & Other Symbols: Texas State Historical Association: Texas Almanac.
Texas Facts and Symbols, by Emily McAuliffe. 24 pages. Publisher: Capstone Press; Rev Upd edition (August 2003) Reading level: Grades 3-4. Interest level: Grades 3-9. Perfect for report writing! Easy-to-read text covers major Texas symbols such as the state flag, seal, bird, tree, flower, animal, and more. A "Fast Facts" section highlights the state's capital city, largest city, physical size, population, natural resources, farm products, and primary manufactured goods. Also included are full-page maps that introduce the concept of the map key, which is great for teaching map-reading skills.
State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols, by Benjamin F. Shearer, Barbara S. Shearer. 544 pages. Greenwood Press; 3 Sub edition (October 30, 2001) This is one of the best, and most comprehensive, books we could find about the official state names and nicknames, mottoes, seals, flags, capitols, flowers, trees, birds, songs, and miscellaneous designations of each state. This, coupled with the 1938 Shankle book, formed the basis of our symbol library. If you're serious about your states symbols, you'll want to have this book and the one below. This book also contains information about state holidays, license plates, sports teams, universities and other trivia.
State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols, by George Earlie Shankle. 522 pages. Reprint Services Corp; Revised edition (June 1971) Reprint of the 1938 revised edition. The first comprehensive book about our state symbols! From the preface: "This book grew out of the desire of its author to know, about his native state, a great many facts which he found exceedingly difficult to obtain. After three years of research in the Library of Congress, he is able to give to the public this storehouse of information, which could have been gathered from not library less fertile in source material..."
Visit the NETSTATE Texas State Book Store for additional Texas related books, including Texas Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.