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Idaho State Tree

White Pine Pinus monticolae Adopted:February 13, 1935
Idaho State Tree: White Pine
Idaho State Tree: White Pine
© Chris Schnepf, University of Idaho, www.forestryimages.org

Adoption of the Idaho State Tree

According to the Idaho Forest Products Commission,

"The wood of the western white pine is easily worked with carpenter's tools, and is ideally suited for applications including window and door frames, paneling, shelving, and some structural applications."

Another winning characteristic of the western white pine is its long straight trunk that rises branchless for up to 2/3 of its length, offering a clear, straight knot-free grain.

One of the region's largest species, white pine produces some of the world's most desirable wood. Referred to as "King Pine," western white pine dominated many ancient moist inland forests before the 1860s. But by the 1930s, imported blister rust (1910), beetles and logging had taken their toll.

In 1935, legislation was sponsored to adopt the western white pine, referred to only as the "white pine" at the time, as the state's official state tree.

AN ACT,
DESIGNATING THE WHITE PINE AS THE STATE TREE OF THE STATE OF IDAHO.

Perhaps the largest remaining volumes of western white pine timber grow in northern Idaho. The largest western white pine in the world stands 219 ft. high near Elk River, Idaho.

The White Pine adopted by the Idaho Legislature is currently referred to as Pinus monticola. Commonly it is called western white pine and sometimes mountain white pine, Idaho white pine or silver pine.

The Idaho Statutes

The following information is excerpted from the Idaho Statutes, Title 67, Chapter 45, Section 67-4504.

Additional Information

Idaho State Tree: White Pine
Idaho State Tree: White Pine
Photograph: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service

Western White Pine (Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D. Don): Tree Identification Fact Sheet from the Virginia Tech. Landowner Factsheet.

Plant Profile for Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D. Don (Western White Pine): USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D. Don (Western White Pine): United States Department of Agriculture: Forest Service: Agriculture Handbook 654: Silvics of North America.

Pinus monticola (Western White Pine): Plant Encyclopedia from MyGardenGuide.

Western White Pine: Health and habitat of the Western White Pine from the Idaho Forest Products Commission.

White Pine In the American West: A Vanishing Species - Can We Save It?: Acrobat button General Technical Report issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station and the University of Idaho.

State Tree List: List of all of the state state trees.

Wild Trees of Idaho: (Northwest Naturalist Books) (Paperback) by Frederic D. Johnson. University of Idaho Press. 1996.

A Field Guide to Western Trees (Peterson Field Guides: 44) (Paperback): by George A. Petrides, Olivia Petrides (Illustrator), Roger Tory Peterson (Series Editor), Houghton Mifflin; 2 edition (July 25, 1998)

A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain and Southwest Forests (Peterson Field Guides(R)) (Paperback): by John C. Kricher (Photographer), Gordon Morrison (Illustrator), Roger Tory Peterson (Series Editor), Houghton Mifflin; Revised edition (January 15, 1999).

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees : Western Region: by Elbert Luther Little, Knopf; Chanticleer Press ed edition (June 12, 1980).

America's Famous and Historic Trees: From George Washington's Tulip Poplar to Elvis Presley's Pin Oak (Hardcover) by Jeffrey G. Meyer. America's Famous and Historic Trees tells the stories of various trees that Meyer and his cohorts rescued or propagated: oftentimes, when trees were going to be cut down, he and his workers headed off the bulldozers, rescuing the tree with their massive tree hoe. Other trees--like the Indian Marker Pecan in southeast Dallas--were propagated before they died.

Trees : National Champions (Hardcover) by Barbara Bosworth. Bosworth captures the ineffable grace and dignity of trees with clarity and directness: the green ash that shades a midwestern crossroads, the common pear that blooms in a Washington field, and the Florida strangler fig with its mass of entwining aerial roots. Her black and white photographs, panoramic views taken with an 8 x 10 camera, show the immensity of the largest species and the hidden triumphs of the smallest

Plants, Seeds & Flowers: Bulbs, seeds, plants, fertilizer, plant containers and more.

Gardening Tools: Pruners, rakes, shovels, hoes, trowels, cultivators and tillers, greenhouses, yard carts and more.

State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, Third Edition - Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Greenwood Press, 2002

State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols: A Study based on historical documents giving the origin and significance of the state names, nicknames, mottoes, seals, flowers, birds, songs, and descriptive comments on the capitol buildings and on some of the leading state histories, Revised Edition - George Earlie Shankle, Ph.D., The H.W. Wilson Company, 1938 (Reprint Services Corp. 1971)


Source: Idaho Statutes, (http://www3.state.id.us/idstat/TOC/idstTOC.html), October 27, 2005
Source: Idaho Secretary of State, (http://www.idsos.state.id.us/), October 27, 2005
Source: Idaho Historical Society, (http://www.idahohistory.net), October 27, 2005
Source: Idaho Forest Products Commission, (http://www.idahoforests.org/), October 27, 2005
Source: State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, Third Edition - Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Greenwood Press, 2002
Source: State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols: Revised Edition (Reprint)- George Earlie Shankle, Ph.D., The H.W. Wilson Company, 1938

 
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