The amethyst, a variety of quartz, became the official gem stone of South Carolina when House Bill No. 1808 (H1808) was signed by Governor Robert McNair on June 24, 1969. H1808 also named blue granite the official stone of South Carolina.
(R494, H1808, A345)
TO DESIGNATE THE AMETHYST AS THE OFFICIAL STATE GEM STONE AND BLUE GRANITE AS THE OFFICIAL STATE STONE.
Whereas, South Carolina is one of three states where the gem stone amethyst of good quality is found in the United States; and
Whereas, the curator of mineralogy for the Smithsonian Institute has graded one of the largest early specimens from this State as the finest seen in the country; and
Whereas, such stone now holds first place in the amethyst section in the Institute; and
Whereas, the amethyst is the most prized type of quartz for its wide use and various shades and hue from deep orchid color; and
Whereas, the blue granite stone of this State has been widely used to beautify all areas of South Carolina; and
Whereas, South Carolina has a state flag, a state flag, a state song, a state bird, a state flower, a state tree; and
Whereas, in preparing for the Three-hundredth Anniversary of the founding of this State, it is only fitting that a State gem stone and a state stone be officially adopted. Now, therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Official gem of State.--The amethyst is the official gem stone of the State.
SECTION 2. Official stone of State.--Blue granite is the official stone of the State.
SECTION 3. Time effective.--This act shall take effect upon approval by the Governor.
Approved the 24th day of June, 1969
The following information was excerpted from the South Carolina Code of Laws, Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 9, Section 1-1-610.
Title 1 - Administration of the Government
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
ARTICLE 9. STATE EMBLEMS, PLEDGE TO STATE FLAG, OFFICIAL OBSERVANCES
SECTION 1-1-610. Official State gem stone.
The amethyst is the official gem stone of the State.
State of South Carolina. South Carolina Code of Laws. Columbia: State of South Carolina, 2011. Web. 21 May 2011. <http://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.htm>.
Shearer, Benjamin F. and Barbara S. State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols: A Historical Guide Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 3 Sub edition, 2001.
South Carolina State Gemstone – Amethyst: SCIWAY - South Carolina's Information Highway.
Amethyst: The International Colored Gemstone Association (ICA).
The Mineral Amethyst: The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom: Complete information guide to rocks, minerals, gemstones, and jewelry.
State Gemstones: Complete list of official state gemstones from NETSTATE.COM.
State Rocks: Complete list of official state rocks from NETSTATE.COM.
More symbols & emblems: Complete list of official South Carolina state symbols from NETSTATE.COM.
Crystal & Gem (Eyewitness Books), by R.F. Symes and R.R. Harding. 72 pages. Publisher: DK Dorling Kindersley (June 25, 2007) Reading level: Ages 9-12. Be an eyewitness to the stunning natural beauty of crystals of every size, shape, and color -- and their remarkable uses for everything from surgeons' scalpels to silicon chips. Full-color photos. Learn about the formation and practical uses of crystals, semiprecious stones, and precious metals. "The dazzling full-color photographs on uncluttered pages make this a visual treat."--School Library Journal. Clip-art CD included.
Gemstones (Smithsonian Handbooks), by Cally Hall. 160 pages. Publisher: DK Dorling Kindersley 2 edition (May 15, 2002) The Smithsonian Handbook of Gemstones is packed with more than 800 vivid full-colour photographs of more than 130 varieties of cut and uncut stones, organic gemstones and precious metals. With authoritative text, clear photography and a systematic approach, this concise guide to identification enables you to recognize each gemstone instantly.
Rock and Gem, by Ronald Louis Bonewit. 360 pages. Publisher: Covent Garden Books; 1st edition (2008) From glittering gemstones to fascinating minerals and fossils, Rock and Gem is an incredible celebration of the Earth's buried treasures. Including specially commissioned photographs of more than 450 illustrious specimens and information-rich text, this book illustrates each stone¹s unique characteristics and its relationship to humankind through the ages. About the Author With more than 40 years experience as a geologist, prospector, and gem cutter, Dr. Ronald L. Bonewitz provides a unique perspective on the subject.