American Folk Dance of South Carolina
Adoption of the American Folk Dance of South Carolina
On March 9, 1993, Senate Bill No. 516 was introduced on the floor of the South Carolina Senate. It was sponsored by Senator Nikki G. Setzler, representing District 26 (Aiken, Lexington & Saluda Cos.). It wasn't until January 12. 1994 that the bill was approved in the Senate and sent on to the House of Representatives. The House approved the bill on March 25, 1994 and the bill was ratified on April 14, 1994.
On April 20, 1994 Governor Carroll Ashmore Campbell, Jr. signed the legislation making the square dance the official American folk dance of the state.
Modern western square dance clubs across the country have collaborated to have the Square Dance declared the state folk dance in all fifty states. They have also been active in efforts to make the Square Dance the national folk dance. There is some controversy over their efforts, which can be read about in the "Additional Information" section below.
About the American Folk Dance of South Carolina
The square dance is a popular type of folk dance in the United States. This dance for four couples, or groups of four couples, is performed in a compact framework of a square, each couple forming a side. Traditionally accompanied by a fiddle, accordion, banjo and guitar, the couples perform a variety of movements prompted by the patter or singing calls (instruction) of a "caller". Cooperative movement is the hallmark of well-executed square dancing.
Square dancing is to be distinguished from related dances called contra or longways dance where couples stand double file in a line and from round dances where couples stand in a circle. The origin of the square dance can be traced to English derivation and to the stately French cotillion performed in square formation that was popular at the court of Louis the fifteenth later replace by the quadrille (another square dance).
South Carolina Code of Laws
The following information is excerpted from the South Carolina Code of Laws, Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 9, Section 1-1-700.
Title 1 - Administration of the Government.
The square dance is the official American Folk Dance of the State.
A Brief History of Square and Round Dancing: by Herb Egender.
Square Dancing: The Historical Geography of an American Folk Custom: Richard M. MacKinnon, Allan Hancock College, Santa Maria, California.
English and French Influence on Square Dancing: By Don Ward and John Brant.
Square Dance History in the U.S.: from the Mid-Atlantic Challenge Organization.
History and Heritage of Modern American Square Dancing: A summary of the essays by Dorothy Shaw, Bob Osgood and Kenny Reese.
The State Folk Dance
Conspiracy: Fabricating a National Folk Dance:
By Judy Mangin - Originally published in the Old-Time Herald
National Folk Dance Effort Moves Forward: We're On Our Way Now, So Let's Make a Lot of Noise!: United Square Dancers of America National Folk Dance Committee.
The Square Dance Legislation Collection: American Folklife Center 1984/024, Compiled by Michelle Forner, Library of Congress, Washington DC, December 1994
Source: South Carolina Legislature, (http://www.scstatehouse.net/), February 26, 2005
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