For the latest symbols information, visit the NETSTATE CHRONICLE.
|Designation||Symbol / Emblem||Adopted|
|Bible||Find out more|
|Flag||Find out more||1895|
|Bird||Yellowhammer (Colaptes auratus)||1927|
|Song||"Alabama," words by Julia S. Tutwiler and music by Edna Gockel-Gussen||1931|
|Coat of arms||Find out more...||1939|
|Great seal||Find out more||1939|
|Tree||Southern Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Miller)||1949|
|Saltwater fish||Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus)||1955
|Flower||Camellia (Camellia japonica L.)||1959|
|Mineral||Red Iron Ore (Hematite)||1967|
|Freshwater fish||Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides)||1975|
|Game bird||Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)||1980|
|American folk dance||Square dance||1981|
|Horse show||The Alabama Championship Horse Show||1988|
|Renaissance faire||Florence Renaissance Faire ( Web site )||1988|
|Butterfly||Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Pterourus glaucus)||1989|
|Insect||Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)||1989|
|Mascot||Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Pterourus glaucus)||1989|
|Gemstone||Star Blue Quartz||1990|
|Reptile||Red-Bellied Turtle (Pseudemys alabamensis)||1990|
|Shell||Johnstone's Junonia (Scaphella junonia johnstoneae)||1990|
|Barbeque championship||Christmas on the River Barbeque Cookoff||1991|
|Outdoor drama||"The Miracle Worker" ( Web site )||1991|
|Agricultural museum||Dothan Landmarks Parks||1992|
|Horseshoe tournament||Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament||1992|
|Historic theatre||Alabama Theatre for the Performing Arts||1993|
|Outdoor musical drama||"The Incident at Looney's Tavern"||1993|
|Literary capital of Alabama||Monroeville and Monroe County||1997|
|Quilt||Pine Burr Quilt||1997|
|Soil||Bama Soil Series||1997|
|Wildflower||Oak-leaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia Bartram)||1999|
|Amphibian||Red Hills Salamander (Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961)||2000|
|Fruit||Blackberry (Rubus occidentalis L.)||2004|
|Spirit||Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey||2004|
|Mammal||Black bear (Ursus americanus)||2006|
|Marine mammal||West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)||2009|
Alabama Department of Archives and History, Alabama Official Emblems, Symbols, and Honors, <http://www.archives.state.al.us/emblems/emblems.html> (Accessed 7 December 2009)
Shankle, George Earlie. State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols. Irvine, Calif.: Reprint Services Corp, Revised edition, 1971.
Shearer, Benjamin F. and Barbara S. State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols: A Historical Guide Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 3 Sub edition, 2001.
The Alabama legislature offers Alabama Legislative History, providing information about the legislative bodies of Alabama beginning with the territorial period, and The Legislative Process to help us understand how laws are made in Alabama.
To find out who your state Represenatives and state Senators are, you can search by Zip Code.
Alabama Government: from NETSTATE.COM. A brief history of Alabama's road to statehood and information about the constitution, the three branches of Alabama government, the governor, the state motto, the state capitol, and more.
Alabama Official Emblems, Symbols, and Honors: from the Alabama Department of History and Archives.
Alabama Facts and Symbols, by Emily McAuliffe. 24 pages. Publisher: Capstone Press; Rev Upd edition (August 2003) Reading level: Grades 3-4. Interest level: Grades 3-9. Perfect for report writing! Easy-to-read text covers major state symbols such as the state flag, seal, bird, tree, flower, animal, and more. A "Fast Facts" section highlights the state's capital city, largest city, physical size, population, natural resources, farm products, and primary manufactured goods. Also included are full-page maps that introduce the concept of the map key, which is great for teaching map-reading skills.
State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols, by Benjamin F. Shearer, Barbara S. Shearer. 544 pages. Greenwood Press; 3 Sub edition (October 30, 2001) This is one of the best, and most comprehensive, books we could find about the official state names and nicknames, mottoes, seals, flags, capitols, flowers, trees, birds, songs, and miscellaneous designations of each state. This, coupled with the 1938 Shankle book, formed the basis of our symbol library. If you're serious about your states symbols, you'll want to have this book and the one below. This book also contains information about state holidays, license plates, sports teams, universities and other trivia.
State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols, by George Earlie Shankle. 522 pages. Reprint Services Corp; Revised edition (June 1971) Reprint of the 1938 revised edition. The first comprehensive book about our state symbols! From the preface: "This book grew out of the desire of its author to know, about his native state, a great many facts which he found exceedingly difficult to obtain. After three years of research in the Library of Congress, he is able to give to the public this storehouse of information, which could have been gathered from not library less fertile in source material..."
Visit the Alabama State Book Store for additional Alabama related books, including Alabama Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.