1.135 State seal.
Subdivision 1. Purpose. This section prescribes the
design and states the historical symbolism of the Great Seal of
the State of Minnesota.
Subd. 2. Official seal. The seal described in
subdivision 3 is the "Great Seal of the State of Minnesota."
When the seal, the impression of the seal, the scene within the
seal, or its likeness is reproduced at state expense, it must
conform to subdivision 3 and section 4.04. A seal, impression,
scene, or likeness which does not conform to these provisions is
Subd. 3. Design. The design of the seal is as
described in this subdivision.
(a) The seal is composed of two concentric borders. The
outside forms the border of the seal and the inside forms the
border for the illustrations within the seal. The area between
the two borders contains lettering.
(b) The seal is two inches in diameter. The outside border
has a radius of one inch and resembles the serrated edge of a
coin. The width of the border is 1/16 of an inch.
(c) The inside border has a radius of three-fourths of an
inch and is composed of a series of closely spaced dots
measuring 1/32 of an inch in diameter.
(d) Within the area between the borders "The Great Seal of
the State of Minnesota" is printed in capital letters. Under
that is the date "1858" with two dagger symbols separating the
date and the letters. The lettering is 14-point century bold.
(e) In the area within the inside border is the portrayal
of an 1858 Minnesota scene made up of various illustrations that
serve to depict a settler plowing the ground near the Falls of
St. Anthony while he watches an Indian on horseback riding in
(f) For the purposes of description, when the area within
the inside border is divided into quadrants, the following
illustrations should be clearly visible in the area described.
(1) In the upper parts of quadrants one and two, the
inscription "L'Etoile du Nord" is found on the likeness of a
scroll whose length is equal to twice the length of the
inscription, but whose ends are twice folded underneath and
serve to enhance the inscription. The lettering is 7-point
(2) In quadrant two is found a likeness of a sun whose
ambient rays form a background for a male Indian in loincloth
and plume riding on horseback at a gallop. The Indian is
sitting erect and is holding a spear in his left hand at an
upward 60-degree angle to himself and is looking toward the
settler in quadrant four.
(3) In quadrant one, three pine trees form a background for
a picturesque resemblance of St. Anthony Falls in 1858.
(4) In quadrants three and four, cultivated ground is found
across the lower half of the seal, which provides a background
for the scenes in quadrants three and four.
(5) In quadrant three, a tree stump is found with an ax
embedded in the stump and a period muzzle loader resting on it.
A powder flask is hanging towards the end of the barrel.
(6) In quadrant four, a white barefoot male pioneer wearing
clothing and a hat of that period is plowing the earth, using an
animal-drawn implement from that period. The animal is not
visible. The torso of the man continues into quadrant two, and
he has his legs spread apart to simulate movement. He is
looking at the Indian.
Subd. 4. Additional effects; size. Every effort
shall be made to reproduce the seal with justification to the 12
o'clock position and with attention to the authenticity of the
illustrations used to create the scene within the seal. The
description of the scene in this section does not preclude the
graphic inclusion of the effects of movement, sunlight, or
falling water when the seal is reproduced. Nor does this
section prohibit the enlargement, proportioned reduction, or
embossment of the seal for its use in unofficial acts.
Subd. 5. Historical symbolism of seal. The sun,
visible on the western horizon, signifies summer in the northern
hemisphere. The horizon's visibility signifies the flat plains
covering much of Minnesota. The Indian on horseback is riding
due south and represents the great Indian heritage of
Minnesota. The Indian's horse and spear and the Pioneer's ax,
rifle, and plow represent tools that were used for hunting and
labor. The stump symbolizes the importance of the lumber
industry in Minnesota's history. The Mississippi River and St.
Anthony Falls are depicted to note the importance of these
resources in transportation and industry. The cultivated ground
and the plow symbolize the importance of agriculture in
Minnesota. Beyond the falls three pine trees represent the
state tree and the three great pine regions of Minnesota; the
St. Croix, Mississippi, and Lake Superior.
Subd. 6. State's duties. State agencies and
departments using the seal, its impression, the scene within the
seal or its likeness shall make every effort to bring any seal,
impression, scene, or likeness currently fixed to a permanent
object into accordance with this section and section 4.04.
Expendable material to which the seal or any impression, scene,
or likeness is currently affixed may be used until the supply is
exhausted. All unused dies and engravings of the Great Seal
shall be given to the Minnesota Historical Society, along with
all historical information available about the seal, to be
retained in the society's permanent collection.
HIST: 1983 c 119 s 1; 1987 c 384 art 1 s 1
Copyright 2004 by the Office of Revisor of Statutes, State of Minnesota.