by the Hawaiian Islands April 17, 1875
Ratified by the President of the United States, with amendments, May 31, 1875
Ratifications exchanged at Washington, June 3, 1875
Entered into force September 9, 1876
Supplemented by Convention of December 6, 1884
The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, equally animated by the desire to strengthen and perpetuate the friendly relations which have heretofore uniformly existed between them, and to consolidate their commercial intercourse, have resolved to enter into a Convention for commercial reciprocity. For this purpose, the President of the United States has conferred full powers on Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands has conferred like powers on Honorable Elisha H. Allen, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Chancellor of the Kingdom, member of the Privy Council of State, His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America, and Honorable Henry A. P. Carter, member of the Privy Council of State, His Majesty' s special Commissioner to the United States of America.
And the said Plenipotentiaries, after having exchanged their full powers,
which were found to be in due form, have agreed to the following articles:
For and in consideration of the right and privileges granted
by His Majesty, the King of the Hawaiian Islands in the next succeeding article
of this Convention, and as an equivalent therefor, the United States of America
hereby agree to admit all the articles named in the following schedule, the
same being the growth and manufacture or produce of the Hawaiian Islands, into
all the ports of the United States free of duty.
Arrow-root; Castor oil; Bananas; Nuts; Vegetables, dried and
undried, preserved and unpreserved; Hides and skins, undressed; Rice; Pulu;
Seeds; Plants, Shrubs, or Trees; Muscovado, brown, and all other unrefined
Sugar, meaning hereby the grade of sugar heretofore commonly imported from the
Hawaiian Islands, and now known in the markets of San Francisco and Portland a
" Sandwich Island sugar ;" syrups of Sugar-cane, Melado, and
For and in consideration of the right and privilege granted
by the United States of America in the preceding article of this Convention,
and as an equivalent therefor, His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands
hereby agrees to admit all the articles named in the following schedule, the
same being the growth, manufacture, or produce of the United States of America,
into all the ports of the Hawaiian Islands free of duty.
Agricultural Implements; Animals; Beef, Bacon, Pork, Ham,
and all fresh, smoked, or preserved meats; Boots and Shoes; Grain, flour, meal,
and Bran. Bread and Breadstuff, of all kinds; Bricks, Lime, and Cement; Butter,
Cheese, Lard, Tallow; Bullion; Coal; Cordage, Naval Stores, including Tar,
Pitch, Resin, Turpentine raw and rectified; Copper and Composition Sheating;
Nails and Bolts; Cotton and manufactures of cotton, bleached and unbleached,
and whether or not colored, stained, painted, or printed; Eggs; Fish and
Oysters, and all other creatures living in the water, and the produce thereof;
Fruits, Nuts, and Vegetables, green, dried, or undried, preserved or
unpreserved; Hardware; Hides, Furs, Skins and Pelts, dressed or undressed; Hoop
iron and Rivets, Nails, Spikes and Bolts, Tacks, Brads, or Sprigs; Ice; Iron
and Steel and manufactures thereof; Leather; Lumber and Timber of all kinds,
round, hewed, sawed and unmanufactured, in hole or in part; Doors, Sashes, and
Blinds; Machinery of all kinds, Engines and parts thereof; Oats and Hay; Paper,
Stationary, and Books, and all manufactures of Paper or Paper and Wood;
Petroleum and all oils for lubricating or illuminating purposes; Plants,
Shrubs, Trees, and Seeds; Rice; Sugar, refined or unrefined; Salt; Soap;
Shooks, Staves, and Headings; Wool and manufactures of wool, other than ready
made clothing; Wagons and Carts for the purposes of agriculture or of dryage;
Wood and manufacture of Wood, or of Wood and Metal, except furniture either
upholstered or carved, and carriages; Textile manufactures made of a
combination of wool, cotton, silk, or linen, or of any two or more of them
other than when ready-made clothing; harness and all manufactures of leather;
starch; and tobacco, whether in leaf or manufactured.
The evidence that articles proposed to be admitted into the
ports of the United States of America, or the ports of the Hawaiian Islands,
free of duty, under the first and second articles of this Convention, are the
growth, manufacture, or produce of the United States of America or of the
Hawaiian Islands, respectively, shall be established under such rules and
regulations and conditions for the protection of the revenue as the two
Governments may from time to time respectively prescribe.
No export duty or charges shall be imposed in the Hawaiian
Islands, or in the United States, upon any of the articles proposed to be
admitted into the ports of the United States or the ports of the Hawaiian
Islands free of duty under the first and second articles of this Convention. It
is agreed, on the part of His Hawaiian Majesty, that, so long as this Treaty
shall remain in force, he will not lease or otherwise dispose of or create any
lien upon any port, harbor, or other territory in his dominions, or grant so
special privilege or right of use therein, to any other power, state, or
government, nor make any treaty by which any other nation shall obtain the same
privileges, relative to the admission of any articles free of duty hereby
secured to the United States.
The present Convention shall take effect as soon as it shall
have been approved and proclaimed by His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian
Islands, and shall have been ratified and duly proclaimed on the part of the
government of the United States, but not until a law to carry it into operation
shall have been passed by the Congress of the United States of America. Such
assent having been given and the ratifications of the Convention having been
exchanged provided in Article VI, the Convention shall remain in force for
seven years from the date at which it may come into operation; and further,
until the expiration of Twelve months after either of the High Contracting
Parties shall give notice to the other of its wish to terminate the same; each
of the High Contracting Parties being at liberty to give such notice to the
other at the end of the said term of seven years, or at an time thereafter.
The present Convention shall be duly
ratified and the ratification exchanged at Washington City, within eighteen
months from the date hereof, or earlier if possible.
In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries of the high contracting parties have signed this present Convention, and have affixed thereto their respective seal.
Done in duplicate, at Washington, the thirteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
[seal] HAMILTON FISH
[seal] ELISHA H. ALLEN
[seal] HENRY A.P. CARTER
WHEREAS, by the advice and the approval of the Legislature of Our Kingdom, We did enter into a Convention with the United States of America on the subject of Commercial Reciprocity, which said Convention was concluded and signed by our Plenipotentiaries and the Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, at the City of Washington, on the 30th day of January, 1875, and as Amended by the Contracting Parties is word for word as follows:
AND, WHEREAS, the said Convention, as Amended, was ratified by Ourselves, on the 17th of April, 1875, and by His Excellency the President of the United States of America, on 31st of May, 1875, and said ratifications were exchanged at the City of Washington, June 3rd, 1875.
Now, therefore, We do proclaim and make public the same to the end that it and ever Clause and Article thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by ever person within Our Kingdom. And the said Convention shall go into effect as soon as intelligence is received that the Government of the United States has made the necessary provisions for carrying it into operation.
[L. S.] In witness whereof, we have
hereunto set Our hand and caused the Seal of Our Kingdom to be affixed
this 17th day of June, A. D. 1876
By the King:
W. L. Green,
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ulysses S Grant,
President of the United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come,
Know Ye, that whereas a Convention between the United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, on the subject of Commercial Reciprocity, was concluded and signed by their respective Plenipotentiaries as Washington on the thirtieth day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-five, the original of which Convention is word for word as follows:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Ulysses S. Grant, President of the
United States of America, having seen and considered the said Convention do,
hereby, in pursuance of the aforesaid advice and consent of the Senate, ratify
and confirm the same as amended by the Senate, and every article and clause
In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed.
[seal] Given under my hand at the city of Washington, the thirty-first day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, and in the ninety-ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America.
/s/ Ulysses S. Grant
By the President:
/s/ Hamilton Fish
Secretary of State