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Ohio Economy

Agriculture

In terms of revenue generated Ohio's top five agricultural products are soybeans, corn for grain, dairy products, greenhouse and nursery products, and hogs.

Livestock

The leading livestock product in the state is milk.

Ohio is a leading producer of hogs. The famous Poland China hog was developed in Ohio.

Ohio is also one of the leading (#5) egg-producing states.

Beef cattle, broilers (young chickens), and turkeys are raised in the state. Sheep are raised for mutton and wool. Ohio is the biggest wool-producing state east of the Mississippi River.

Other livestock products are turkeys and broilers (5-12 week-old chickens).

Crops

Ohio has a strong manufacturing base, but it's also a leader in the production of soybeans, its largest crop, and corn.

Greenhouse and nursery products comprise about 11% of Ohio's total agricultural receipts.

Other field crops are wheat, hay, oats, and popcorn, much of it for livestock feed.

The fruit crop in Ohio is also important. Apples are grown as well as grapes, peaches and strawberries.

The largest vegetable crops are cucumbers, potatoes, sweet corn and tomatoes, but cabbage, celery, lettuce, peppers and snap beans are also grown.

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Manufacturing

Manufacturers add value to raw products by creating manufactured items. For example, cotton cloth becomes more valuable than a boll of cotton through manufacturing processes.

Manufacturing is the most important economic activity in Ohio and has made Ohio one of the most important manufacturing states.

Virtually all of Ohio's manufacturing activity is within the transportation segment. Ohio assembles automobiles and trucks and also makes parts for those motor vehicles and for aircraft.

Ohio's second-ranked manufacturing activity is in the production of fabricated metals (structural metal, metal stampings for automobiles, tools and hardware, valves and pipe fittings).

Chemical production ranks third with Ohio producing soaps, industrial chemicals and paints and varnishes. The largest soap factory in the country is located in Ohio.

Mining

Coal is the number one source of income in the mining industry, followed by natural gas.

Ohio leads all of the other states in the production of building sandstone and in the production of lime, made from limestone to produce cement, chemicals, fertilizer and steel.

Clays for bricks, tile, cement, pottery and stoneware are also mined in the state

The oldest mined product of the state is salt and the deepest salt mine (2,000 feet) in the country is found in Ohio.

Other mined products are petroleum, sand and gravel, dolomite and gypsum.

Services

The most important service industry in Ohio is the community, business and personal services group providing service income through private health care, engineering firms, hotels, law firms, private research organizations and repair shops.

Wholesale trade (coal, groceries, motor vehicles, motor vehicle parts, steel) and retail trade (department stores, food stores, restaurants) is the second largest service industry group in the state followed by the finance, real estate and insurance group.

Sources

Richard J. Hopkins and Thomas W. Schmidlin, "Ohio," World Book Online Americas Edition, http://www.worldbookonline.com/wbol/wbPage/na/ar/co/400320, August 15, 2001.

U.S. Department of Agriculture: National Agricultural Statistics Service, "Ohio State Agriculture Overview, 2004", 3 January 2006, <http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Ag_Overview/AgOverview_OH.pdf> (12 January 2006)

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